top of page

Home Safety Checklist: Protecting Your Family from Common Hazards

Ensuring your home is a safe environment for your family involves addressing a variety of potential hazards, from fire risks to household chemicals. This comprehensive home safety checklist will help you identify and mitigate common dangers, providing peace of mind and a safer living space for everyone.

man with hard hat

1. Fire Safety

Fire safety is paramount in any home. Here are essential steps to protect your family from fire hazards:

  • Install Smoke Alarms: Place smoke alarms on every level of your home, inside bedrooms, and outside sleeping areas. Test them monthly and replace batteries at least once a year.

  • Fire Extinguishers: Keep fire extinguishers in key areas like the kitchen, garage, and near fireplaces. Ensure everyone in the household knows how to use them.

  • Escape Plan: Develop a fire escape plan and practice it regularly with your family. Ensure everyone knows two ways to exit each room and designate a meeting spot outside the home.

  • Electrical Safety: Avoid overloading electrical outlets and replace frayed cords. Use surge protectors and have a licensed electrician inspect your wiring if you notice frequent circuit breaker trips.

2. Carbon Monoxide Protection

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colourless, odourless gas that can be deadly. Safeguard your home with these measures:

  • CO Detectors: Install carbon monoxide detectors on every level of your home, especially near bedrooms and fuel-burning appliances. Test them monthly and replace batteries regularly.

  • Appliance Maintenance: Have fuel-burning appliances, such as furnaces, water heaters, and stoves, inspected annually by a professional.

  • Ventilation: Ensure proper ventilation for gas appliances and never use charcoal grills or portable gas stoves indoors.

3. Childproofing Essentials

Protect young children from common household hazards with these childproofing tips:

  • Safety Gates: Install safety gates at the top and bottom of stairs and in doorways to rooms that are off-limits.

  • Outlet Covers: Use outlet covers or safety plugs on all unused electrical outlets.

  • Cabinet Locks: Secure cabinets and drawers with childproof locks, especially those containing cleaning supplies, medications, and sharp objects.

  • Furniture Anchors: Anchor heavy furniture, such as bookshelves and dressers, to the wall to prevent tipping.

4. Preventing Falls

Falls are a leading cause of injury in the home, particularly for young children and the elderly. Reduce the risk with these strategies:

  • Handrails: Ensure handrails are installed on both sides of staircases and are securely fastened.

  • Non-Slip Mats: Use non-slip mats in the bathroom and kitchen to prevent slipping on wet surfaces.

  • Clear Pathways: Keep floors free of clutter, toys, and other obstacles that could cause trips and falls.

  • Proper Lighting: Install adequate lighting in all areas, especially stairwells and hallways, to improve visibility and reduce fall risk.

5. Poison Prevention

Household chemicals and medications can be hazardous if not stored properly. Protect your family from accidental poisoning:

  • Locked Storage: Store cleaning supplies, pesticides, and medications in locked cabinets out of reach of children.

  • Labelling: Clearly label all chemicals and medications and keep them in their original containers.

  • Proper Disposal: Dispose of expired or unused medications safely, following local guidelines for disposal.

6. Home Security

Enhance your home’s security to protect against intrusions and theft:

  • Locks: Install deadbolt locks on all exterior doors and ensure windows have secure locking mechanisms.

  • Alarm Systems: Consider installing a home security system with alarms, cameras, and motion detectors.

  • Lighting: Use exterior lighting, such as motion-activated lights, to deter intruders. Keep entrances well-lit.

7. Emergency Preparedness

Be prepared for emergencies with these essential steps:

  • First Aid Kit: Keep a well-stocked first aid kit in your home and ensure all family members know its location and contents.

  • Emergency Contacts: Post a list of emergency contacts, including local emergency services, poison control, and family members, in a visible location.

  • Supplies: Maintain an emergency supply kit with essentials like water, non-perishable food, flashlights, batteries, and a portable phone charger.


Taking proactive steps to address common hazards in your home is crucial for ensuring the safety and well-being of your family. By following this comprehensive home safety checklist, you can create a secure environment where everyone can thrive. Regularly review and update your safety measures to keep pace with changing needs and new potential risks. Your diligence in maintaining a safe home will provide invaluable peace of mind and protection for your loved ones.



bottom of page